Sobanukirwa Ibigwi n’amateka byaranze intwari z’U Rwanda-eachamps.rw

Sobanukirwa Ibigwi n’amateka byaranze intwari z’U Rwanda

www.eachamps.rw

Buri tariki ya 1 Gashyantare u Rwanda rwizihiza Umunsi w’Intwari, kuko ari umunsi wo kwibuka ibikorwa byaranze intwari. Umunsi mukuru ngarukamwaka w’intwari wizihirizwa ku rwego rw’imidugudu mu Rwanda hose.

Intwari z’u Rwanda ziri mu byiciro bitatu ari byo: Imanzi, Imena n’Ingenzi. Icyiciro cy’Imanzi ni cyo kiri hejuru kikaba kigizwe n’intwari zaranzwe n’ibikorwa bidasanzwe birimo no guhara ubuzima mu rwego rwo kwitangira igihugu. 

URWEGO RW’INTWARI Z’IMANZI

Ingabo itazwi izina:

Ingabo itazwi izina yatoranyijwe mu zindi ngabo zemeye guhara ubuzima bwazo kandi zitabashije kumenyekana ku buryo bwihariye.

Ingabo itazwi izina ihagarariye Ingabo zose z’u Rwanda zaguye ku rugamba cyangwa zashoboraga kurugwaho mu gihe cyahise, icy’ubungubu n’ikizaza zirwanira igihugu.

Major General Fred Gisa Rwigema

Yavukiye i Mukiranze mu Karere ka Kamonyi mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo ku wa 10 Mata 1957.

Ni mwene Anastasi Kimonyo na Gatarina Mukandilima. Yashakanye na Jeannette Urujeni, basezerana ku wa 20 Kamena 1987. Babyaranye abana babiri, ari bo Gisa Junior na Gisa Teta.

Yatabarutse ku wa 2 Ukwakira 1990 i Kagitumba mu Karere ka Nyagatare mu Ntara y’Iburasirazuba, agwa ku rugamba amaze gutangiza intambara yo kubohora u Rwanda.

Mu bwana bwe, Fred Rwigema yakundaga kwibaza icyatumye iwabo bava i Rwanda n’icyabuze kugira ngo basubireyo, yakundaga gusoma ibitabo by’abaharaniye kubohora ibihugu byabo nka Kwame Nkrumah, Mao-Tse-Tung na Fidel Castro.

Mu wa 1974 nibwo yiyemeje kureka amashuri asanzwe, ajya muri Tanzaniya gukurikirana imyitozo ya gisirikare na politike.

Mu wa 1981, hamwe n’abandi basore 27, barimo Abanyarwanda babiri Rwigema Fred na Paul Kagame, yatangiranye na Kaguta Museveni intambara yo kurwanya igitugu cya Obote.

Kuva muri 1985, Fred Rwigema yakomeje kuba umwe mu bayobozi bakuru ba NRA, Ishami rya gisirikare rya RNM. Niho yaboneye umwanya wo gukomeza gutoza intambara Abanyarwanda.

Ataretse kuba Umunyarwanda, Fred Rwigema yagiye agira imyanya ikomeye muri NRA nko kuba Uwungirije Umugaba Mukuru w’Ingabo (Deputy Army Commander), Minisitiri wungirije w’Ingabo (Deputy Minister for Defense) n’Umugaba Mukuru w’imirwano (Overall Operations Commander).

Fred Rwigema yaranzwe n’ubupfura n’ubuhanga, kuba umunyakuri, areba kure, azi kwihangana, yubaha bose, ategekesha urugero, akunda umuco wa kinyarwanda n’imikino, aba umuhuza w’abantu.

Yabaye urugero rwo kwitanga no gukunda igihugu bihebuje.

URWEGO RW’IMENA

Umwami Mutara wa III Rudahigwa Charles Léon Pierre

Yavukiye i Nyanza, mu Karere ka Nyanza, mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo muri Werurwe 1911.

Ni umwana w’Umwami Yuhi wa IV Musinga na Nyiramavugo Kankazi Redegonde.

Mutara III yimitswe ku ngoma na Guverineri Voisin abifashijwemo na Musenyeri Classe ku wa 16 Ugushyingo 1931, Se Musinga amaze gukurwa ku ngoma kuwa 12 Ugushyingo 1931.

Kuwa 15 Ukwakira 1933, yashakanye na Nyiramakomali, batana mu bya 1940, nyuma ku wa 18 Mutarama 1942 ashakana na Rosaliya Gicanda, ntiyabyaranye na bo.

Hagati ya 1950 na 1959, aho yatangiye aguye i Bujumbura mu buryo butunguranye ku wa 25 Nyakanga.

Umwami Mutara wa III Rudahigwa yaharaniye guteza imbere imibereho y’Abanyarwanda n’ubwigenge bw’u Rwanda.

Rudahigwa yaranzwe no kurwanya akarengane mu butabera, abigaragariza mu Rukiko rw’Umwami no mu mirimo ya buri munsi aho yirirwaga arenganura abaturage cyane cyane abato bato.

Rudahigwa yahirimbaniye ubumwe n’ubwigenge by’Abanyarwanda ku buryo Abanyarwanda batekereza ko ari byo yazize nka ba Lumumba na Rwagasore.

Intwari Michel Rwagasana

Yavukiye i Gitisi na Nyamagana mu Karere ka Ruhango mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo mu w’1927.

Mu wa 1956, yashakanye na Suzana Nzayire, babyarana abana batatu.
Hagati ya 1945 na 1950 yize muri Groupe Scolaire ya Astrida bitaga shariti, ahakura impamyabumenyi mu by’ubutegetsi (Diplôme d’Assistant Administratif).

Muri 1954 yabaye umunyamabanga wihariye w’Umwami Mutara wa III Rudahigwa.

Michel Rwagasana yatanze urugero ruhebuje rwo gushyira imbere inyungu z’igihugu aho kwita ku ze bwite kuko aba yaremeye politike y’irondakoko agahabwa umwanya ukomeye mu Rwanda rwari rutegetswe na mwene Se wabo Gerigori Kayibanda nka Perezida wa Repubulika.

Uwilingiyimana Agatha

Yavukiye i Gikore mu Karere ka Gisagara mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo ku wa 23 Kamena 1953.

Ni mwene Ntibashirakandi Yuvenali na Nyirantibangwa Saverina.
Yashakanye na Barahira Ignace mu wa 1976, babyarana abana batanu.

Yabaye Minisitiri w’Intebe wa mbere w’umugore kuva kuwa 17 Nyakaganga 1993 kugeza kuwa 7 Mata 1994 mu gihe cya Jenoside yishwe n’abari ingabo z’igihugu.

Uwilingiyimana Agathe yagize umutima wa kigabo arwanya akarengane k’iringaniza mu gihe yari Minisitiri w’Amashuri Abanza n’Ayisumbuye mu butegetsi bw’irondakarere n’irondakoko bwa Habyarimana.

Yongeye kugaragaza ubwitange bwe buhebuje mu gihe cya Jenoside akomeza iy’ubuyobozi agerageza kugarura ituze mu gihugu cyari kigabijwe n’abicanyi.

Nta washidikanya ko ari umwe mu bagore b’Abanyarwanda baharaniye uburenganzira bw’Umunyarwandakazi.

Intwari Félicité Niyitegeka

Yavukiye i Vumbi mu Karere ka Huye mu Ntara y’Amajyepfo mu wa 1934. Ni mwene Sekabwa Simoni na Nyirampabuka Angelina.

Yishwe ku wa 21 Mata 1994, mu gihe cya Jenoside kubera ko yanze kwitandukanya n’abo yari yahaye ubuhungiro hamwe na bagenzi be bari muri Centre Saint Pierre ku Gisenyi. Musaza we Colonel Nzungize yari yamutumyeho ngo asezerere izo mpunzi maze ave muri icyo Kigo agisigemo ba nyagupfa. Ni byo yanze mu ibaruwa yuzuye urukundo n’ubutwari yandikiye uwo musaze we.

Kuba intangarugero yari yarabigize umuco, nicyo cyamufashije mu kwemera kwitangira abari baramugannye ahitamo kwicwa aho kugwa mu ngengabitekerezo y’ivanguramoko.

Abanyeshuri b’i Nyange

Abemezwaho ubutwari ni abari mu cyigo cy’i Nyange mu ijoro ryo kuwa 18 Werurwe 1997 mu ishuri ry’uwa gatandatu n’uwa gatanu igihe abacengezi batera icyo kigo ari abapfuye ari n’abatarapfuye iryo joro.

Abanyeshuri b’i Nyange baharaniye ku mugaragaro amahame y’ubumwe bw’Abanyarwanda kugeza aho bamwe babizira babizi, bemera guhara ubuzima bwabo aho kwivangura.

Babereye Abanyarwanda muri rusange n’urubyiruko by’umwihariko, urugero rw’urukundo, rwo kurwanya amacakubiri no kwitangira uburenganzira bwa muntu.

Hifashishijwe inyandiko ya Minisiteri y’Urubyiruko Umuco na Siporo, yiswe "Intwari z’u Rwanda", yanditswe mu 2004.

5 months ago | by SHEMA Christian

Post Comment

You May Also Like

Loading...

Join our Newsletter